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PRACTICING RAMADAN

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Nearing the end of June, Saharawi people are wrapping up their month-long fast called Ramadan. Ramadan is a holy month for all Muslims, and as such, the Saharawi look forward to this time of increased religious devotion and celebration with family. As we began Ramadan this year I interviewed a few Saharawi in order to hear directly from them what they find important and meaningful about this time.

 Everyone I asked agreed on the basics of Ramadan – it’s either 29 or 30 days (based on the moon) of fasting (even from water!) from sunrise to sunset. The times are determined by scientists in Saudi and spread through the news and the mosques, so that each day (more than usual) is dictated by the calls to prayer which are broadcasted throughout the camp.

 Daily life varies slightly from family to family, but is all similarly shaped by the fasting schedule. The day begins with waking around 4am to have ‘as-hur,’ the last food and drink before fasting begins. Some will eat a simple breakfast-like meal but others, feelings it’s too early for food, will drink some water or milk. Then come the first prayers of the day, and with that, fasting begins.

 During the day there is a lot of sleeping, broken up by cleaning, going to work, playing traditional games, and preparing some parts of the evening meal in advance. The kitchen gets quite busy around 5pm as daughters start putting together special foods for ‘luftur,’ or the breaking of the fast. The essentials are dates, milk, and a kind of soup called ‘herira,’ and many families will add cakes, fried snacks, and different juices. After cleaning up a bit, many people head to their neighborhood mosque for night prayers, which are extra special this month because of an added set of Ramadan prayers and women’s inclusion at the mosque.

 The month of Ramadan has increased religious significance to the Saharawi and Muslims in general. Many in the camps emphasize the increase of rewards believed to be given by God during this month, as well as the increase of punishments for bad deeds. This belief inspires a greater focus on their faith during this season. In general, in addition to the added sixth daily prayer (there are normally five), most people try to read the Quran through once or twice. Giving is also an important part of Ramadan as it is a requirement to be generous on the morning of the Eid.

 The day after Ramadan they have a small Eid – which means ‘holiday’ – to celebrate breaking the fast until next year, and a large Eid a couple of months later to commemorate how Abraham was willing to sacrifice his son and God provided a substitute. On both Eids, it is important to visit relatives and feast and wear new clothes!

 Ramadan is a special time for our Sarahawi friends and even though it is HARD, especially during the summer, they cherish it immensely. I encourage you to meet a Muslim in your city as they finish up their fast and celebrate, and ask them what Ramadan is like in their context and yours.

Post By: Heather Jost, June 27th, 2019

ENGLISH: AS EXPRESSION

“You cannot understand,” a Saharawi student yelled at me, but not out of aggression—out of the deepest pain that, truly, no one but a Saharawi could fathom. 

In 2015, I taught English to the Saharawi in the blazing Sahara Desert and designed a course to teach students how to write creatively in English. The Saharawi have an amazing resolve; not only can they learn to speak English at a rudimentary level quickly, they can also learn how to express themselves creatively not long after. I maintain they are some of the smartest human beings I have ever had the honor of knowing. 

During this creative writing course I was placed with students of high status, all of whom were nearly 30 years older than me. It wasn’t intimidating to me to teach them basic skills because I knew they would grab onto those quickly, but what I really wanted them to learn was how to express their pain. I knew this would be a challenge because they would have to enter into their pain, and articulate the truth of what they experienced during the treacherous usurpation of their homeland in Western Sahara.

This was a class full of people who had seen it firsthand. They were there. They walked the thousands of miles from a beautiful home to a dead land in the desert. The world needed to hear their stories from them and in their own words. 

During one lesson, I began to pry. They were struggling to go beyond the facts of what happened. I explained to them that they needed to tell me more than what I already knew; at this the students became very passionate. It was then that a student spoke up out of his deepest pain, telling me that I didn’t understand, that I couldn’t understand, that I would never know what it felt like to lose everything I ever knew—even family and friends. 

It brought me to tears, and maybe more significantly, it brought him to tears in front of me as he expressed his story. We all fell silent for a moment and locked eyes. “That is exactly what I need to hear, because I do not understand,” I said slowly. 

 From that day forward, we were a warm and tight-knit group, and the students shared and wrote their stories with the determination to recreate that moment in the classroom for others around the world. If others could read and hear their stories, maybe they could be moved to tears like I was, and maybe those stories could compel a person to advocate on their behalf, and incite change.

The Saharawi value and deserve the education they desire. Learning English empowers them to tell their story to a wider audience, to give more people the opportunity to listen and truly hear them. Their stories are heart-wrenching and unimaginable and all they can hope is people of all languages and backgrounds will have the chance to listen, so they can choose to stand with them as they express their plight in ways people can start to understand.

Post By: Molly Farley, May 18th, 2019

THE POWER OF EDUCATION

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The Saharawi people value education. Perhaps more so than even in Western culture today, those with little education have come to appreciate the power of knowledge.

The Saharawi believe the knowledge gained through education has the power to change things in their world.

The value of education in the United States has certainly increased over the years and for good reason. The human ability to learn and apply what we learn seems to be one of the significant distinctions that separate us from other living things. Through trial and error people have successfully developed and created useful tools that have continued to evolve over the years to be more and more useful. From bows and arrows and the wheel, to cars, the internet and microwave ovens, inventions have allowed us to be more productive in our world, and documenting, building upon such inventions and educating people on our learnings has exponentially advanced our world. Prioritizing education in this way, has great value.

Recently I was impressed by a World War I podcast. One may not normally consider the education of a nation when considering a war effort but it seemed to play an important role in this case. What struck me was that the way in which a war was fought changed in this time period. Wars used to be fought on horses or in hand-to-hand combat, and guns were used leading up to the war. It seemed, however, that a fundamental shift occurred far beyond tools of war. Wars started to move from an army of people fighting another army of people to technology fighting technology. Of course, people were still operating the machine of war but the advancement of the weaponry had a great impact. Heavy artillery, tanks, planes, submarines and more started to be developed and could be used very effectively. An army held a significant advantage if it was the first one to develop a technology and to use it. Again the ability to learn and expand upon our findings, held power and influence.

Additionally, education plays an important role in the economy. Take for instance just the sole area of the transfer of information. In the past developing a written language was a huge milestone. Today technologies such as phones and email have caused enormous productivity increase, where written language is shared and expressed often, rapidly, and in multiple contexts. A population that knows how to use and develop various technologies will significantly impact their economy.

For the Saharawi, if they continue to value education they will greatly benefit as a people. Certainly today they are at an economic disadvantage in terms of natural resources; but like any nation, if they choose to focus their energy on ways they can prioritize education, and contribute in the development or use of technology that competes in the world today, they will begin to have a larger voice and may someday be able to produce the capital that would be needed to take back their land. 

Post By: Matthew Swanson, March 12th, 2019

OUR GOAL IS FREEDOM

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“I say to you that our goal is freedom, and I believe we are going to get there because however much she strays away from it, the goal of America is freedom.”

Martin Luther King, Jr.

 

Freedom seems easy enough to define—it is our ability to act, speak, and think without constraint. I have grown up in a country that is known as the “land of the free”. I daily recited the pledge “with liberty and justice for all”. Yet, freedom remained an elusive ideal that I grew up proclaiming. I struggled to understand the value of freedom. For me to understand freedom, I needed to see its antithesis. I needed to understand what freedom is not.

When I went to the Saharawi refugee camps I witnessed a people group that are not free to act, live, or speak without restraint. They were exiled from their homeland and live today with no return insight. The United Nations yearly delays their promise of a referendum.

I saw what it did to these people. I see what it continues to do.

I witnessed attack on their identity as Saharawi were told by their neighbors that even the goats have a place to live, yet they are without a home. I saw how they peacefully advocated for freedom for over 40 years and how it merely fell on deaf ears. This tormented me. If I truly believed freedom is a noble value, how could I turn a blind eye to those purposefully held without it?

At that moment I made a choice to embrace my freedom by advocating for the freedom of others held without it. I would choose to be a voice alongside the voices who are silenced. I have come to understand that freedom can be shared by advocacy. Advocacy means using our freedoms for the cause and sake of others without it. Even more than using our voices where others cannot, it is finding ways to empower those without a voice. I embrace my freedom by standing up for others without it. I joined the fight to spread freedom through advocacy.

Will you consider using the privilege of your freedom by becoming an advocate for the freedoms of others?

Post By: Micah Neely, January 15th, 2019

 

#REFERENDUMNOW IN WESTERN SAHARA

Posted by Holly Jerrett on July 26, 2016 @ 1:32 PM

It is time for the U.N. Security Council to get serious about Western Sahara; it is unacceptable to punish the Saharawi people for following a peaceful path to freedom.